Responsibility Assignment Matrix - China Bike Gps Navigation - Handheld Gps Navigation

in Decision
Alternatives
There are a number of alternatives to the RACI participation types:
RASCI (RASIC)
This is an expanded version, based on the standard RACI, breaking the Responsible participation into:
Responsible
Those who are responsible for the task, ensuring that it is done as per the Approver.
Support
Resources allocated to Responsible. Unlike Consulted, who may provide input to the task, Support will assist in completing the task.
RACI-VS (VARISC)
This is an expanded version, based on the standard RACI, with two additional participation types:
Verifier
Those who check whether the product meets the acceptance criteria set forth in the product description.
Signatory
Those who approve the Verify decision and authorize the product hand-off. It seems to make sense that the Signatory should be the party with the Accountable for its successor.
RACIO (CAIRO)
This is an expanded version, based on the standard RACI, with one additional participation type.
Out of the Loop (or Omitted)
Designating individuals or groups who are specifically not part of the task. Specifying that a resource does not participate can be as beneficial to a task's completion as specifying those who do participate.
DACI
Another version that has been used to centralize decision making, and clarify who can re-open discussions.
Driver
A single Driver of overall project like the person steering a car.
Approver
One or more Approvers who make most project decisions are responsible if it fails.
Contributors
Are the worker-bees who are responsible for deliverables; and with whom there is two-way communication.
Informed
Those who are impacted by the project and are provided status and informed of decisions; and with whom there is one-way communication.
RSI
A version used by the Project Management Institute:
Responsible
These people are the doers of the work. They must complete the task or objective or make the decision. Several people can be jointly responsible.
Sponsor
This person is the owner of the work. He or she must sign off or approve when the task, objective or decision is complete. This person must make sure that responsibilities are assigned in the matrix for all related activities. There is only one person accountable, which means that the buck stops there.
Informed
These people need to be kept in the picture. They need updates on progress or decision, but they do not need to be formally consulted, nor do they contribute directly to the task or decision.
PARIS
Another alternative:
Primary
The role mainly responsible to complete a task
Assigned
One or more additional roles that are assigned to support the primary role
Review required
Those who should be consulted once work has been completed, e.g. checking for compliance with standards, etc.
Input required
Those who should be consulted as work is prepared, i.e. the driving input
Signature required
Those who need to signed off on work, and are therefore the approver or accountable role
PACE
This model is used for decision making process and supports reaching decisions faster while keeping all the actors informed, by reducing the "debate time" between the actors involved:
Process Owner (or Process Leader)
One person has the Process Owner role to drive the decision making process on behalf of the Approver and is clear on that responsibility. The Process Owner is expected to bring well thought out/researched options to the Approver who will make decision regardless of consensus among all stakeholders.
Approver
The Approver decides by vetoing or choosing one of a series of well laid out options presented by the Process Owner. The Approver is expected to possess the skills and experience to make decisions that will not be overturned, and helps to mentor/coach others until they gain requisite experience to become an Approver. Only the Approver may veto all options.
Consulted
Consulted people must not attempt to veto by going to the level above to overturn a decision.
Executers
Those who carry out the decision once made. Execution with excellence is expected regardless of intellectual buy-in.
OARP
As with the other models, this model is used for designating roles in the decision making process and the supporting work, to ensure clarity of responsibility, reduced iteration in communications, and no unexpected stakeholders. It has an explicit "Owner" moniker that some find too all encompassing, as compared to the "Approver" role.
Owner
This person owns and oversees the process for decision making. The process Owner formulates a recommendation based on Reviewer and Participant input, which the Approver uses to make a final decision. They may communicate the nature of any disagreements. They conduct any post-mortem or process-oriented communication.
Approver
The Approver may initiate the process and designate the Owner. This person works with the owner to scope the decision-making purview. They handle any escalations from Reviewers, and make the final decision based on recommendation from the Owner.
Reviewer
These are affected parties who will be impacted. They can escalate directly to Approver. They must participate to have a voice.
Participant
These are often Self-selected or non-critical path input providers. This group also represents notification-only or one-way communication recipients. They can only escalate to Owner.
Variations
There are also a number of variations to the meaning of RACI participation types:
RACI (alternative scheme)
There is an alternative coding, less widely published but used by some practitioners and process mapping software, which modifies the application of the R and A codes of the original scheme. The overall methodology remains the same but this alternative avoids potential confusion of the terms Accountable and Responsible understood by management professionals but not always so clearly differentiated by others:
Responsible
Those responsible for the performance of the task. There should be exactly one person with this assignment for each task.
Assists
Those who assist completion of the task.
Consulted
Those whose opinions are sought; and with whom there is two-way communication.
Informed
Those who are kept up-to-date on progress; and with whom there is one-way communication.
RACI (decisions)
This alternative is focused only on documenting who has the authority to make which decisions. May be suitable for use within a small work group.
Recommends
Responsible to Recommend an answer to the decision.
Approves
Authorized to Approve an answer to the decision.
Consulted
Those whose opinions are sought; and with whom there is two-way communication.
Informed
Those who are informed after the decision is made; and with whom there is one-way communication.
References
^ Brennan, Kevin (2009). A Guide to the Business Analysis Body of Knowledge (Babok Guide). International Institute of Business Analysis. pp. 29. ISBN 0981129218. 
^ Project Management for Kids, course run by PMI Kansas City (Mid-America Chapter)
Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2009)
External links
Comprehensive Series on RACI
Project Management Institute
Categories: Project managementHidden categories: All articles with unsourced statements | Articles with unsourced statements from September 2009 | Articles needing additional references from March 2009 | All articles needing additional references
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This article was published on 2011/04/07